Influence of Phytohormones on Monosaccharide Composition of Polysaccharides from Wheat Suspension Culture

N. K. Bishimbayeva, A. S. Murtazina, G. J. McDougall

Abstract


Plant polysaccharides with technical and physiologic traits attract researchers by their high physiological activity in regulation of the growth, development and protective reactions. Cell cultures allow to regulate chemical composition of synthesized substances by changing media composition and are widely used to enhance or change the biosynthesis of metabolites. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of phytohormones 2,4-dichlorphenoxyacetic acid (2,4 –D) and abscisic acid (ABA) of culture medium on chemical composition of polysaccharides (PS), extracted from cells and extracellular liquid of wheat suspension culture. It was shown for the medium with ABA that monosaccharide composition of extracellular PS mainly represented by glucose (87%), whereas PS isolated from cells were rich for xylose and glucuronic acid. Monosaccharide composition of extracellular PS from media with 2,4-D showed 6-fold increase of arabinose, 8-fold ‒ of galactose, 5-fold ‒ of xylose and glucuronic acid, compared to extracellular PS from ABA medium. Composition of cellular PS from media with 2,4-D were mainly similar to ABA and differed by the increased amount of mannose (3-fold), and galacturonic acid (2,5-fold). Thus, regulative effect of the use of two different types of phytohormones was demonstrated on the biosynthesis of variously composed polysaccharides.


Keywords


polysaccharides; wheat cell culture; monosaccharide composition; abscisic acid; 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid; extracellular substances

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18321/ectj667

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