Combustion Characteristics of HAN-based Green Propellant Assisted with Nanoporous Active Carbons

  • M. K. Atamanov Institute of Combustion Problems, Bogenbay batyr ave. 172, Almaty; al-Farabi Kazakh National University, al-Farabi ave. 71, 050040 Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • R. Amrousse University of Chouaïb Doukkali, Faculty of Sciences, 24000 El Jadida, Morocco; ISAS/JAXA, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai Chuo-ku, Sagamihara 252-5210, Kanagawa, Japan
  • J. Jandosov Institute of Combustion Problems, Bogenbay batyr ave. 172, Almaty; al-Farabi Kazakh National University, al-Farabi ave. 71, 050040 Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • K. Hori ISAS/JAXA, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai Chuo-ku, Sagamihara 252-5210, Kanagawa, Japan
  • A. R. Kerimkulova Institute of Combustion Problems, Bogenbay batyr ave. 172, Almaty; al-Farabi Kazakh National University, al-Farabi ave. 71, 050040 Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • D. I. Chenchik Institute of Combustion Problems, Bogenbay batyr ave. 172, Almaty, Kazakhstan https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6325-9982
  • B. Y. Kolesnikov Institute of Combustion Problems, Bogenbay batyr ave. 172, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Keywords: combustion, hydroxylammonium nitrate, activated carbon, burning rate, thermal analysis, mass spectrometry

Abstract

Combustion of hydroxylammonium nitrate (95 wt.% HAN) ‒ water solution in presence of high specific surface area activated carbons is investigated in a constant-pressure bomb within the pressure range of 1‒6 MPa. The linear burning rate increased for the system of HAN admixed with activated carbons compared to those of the HAN alone. Moreover, the thermal decomposition of HAN (95 wt.%) ‒ water solution spiked with activated carbons was assessed by DTA – TG method. In the presence of activated carbons, the ability to trigger the decomposition at a lower temperature (86 °C vs 185 °C) was observed. The volatile products formed in the course of thermal decomposition of HAN, spiked with activated carbons were characterized by electron ionization mass spectrometry analysis. Primary products of HAN decomposition: m/z = 33 (NH2OH) and m/z = 63 (HNO3), which are further responsible for the formation of secondary products such as N2O, NO, HNO2, NO2, O2 etc. Significant reduction of NOemissions during thermal decomposition of HAN (95 wt.%) ‒ water solution was observed (ca. 30%) in presence of activated carbons.

 

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Published
2017-09-15
How to Cite
[1]
M. Atamanov, “Combustion Characteristics of HAN-based Green Propellant Assisted with Nanoporous Active Carbons”, Eurasian Chem. Tech. J., vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 215-222, Sep. 2017.
Section
Articles