Investigation of the Laser Radiation Effects on Lignite with the Products Analysis by Mass Spectrometry

  • Y. V. Kraft Institute of Coal Chemistry and Material Science SB RAS FRC CCC, 18 Sovetskij Ave., 650000, Kemerovo, Russia
  • D.R. Nurmukhametov Institute of Coal Chemistry and Material Science SB RAS FRC CCC, 18 Sovetskij Ave., 650000, Kemerovo, Russia
  • B. P. Aduev Institute of Coal Chemistry and Material Science SB RAS FRC CCC, 18 Sovetskij Ave., 650000, Kemerovo, Russia
  • Z. R. Ismagilov Institute of Coal Chemistry and Material Science SB RAS FRC CCC, 18 Sovetskij Ave., 650000, Kemerovo, Russia; Institute of Catalysis SB RAS, 5 Lavrentiev Ave., 630090, Novosibirsk, Russia
Keywords: volatile matter, laser ignition, combustion, mass spectrometry

Abstract

 In this paper, one studied the effect of pulsed laser radiation (1064 nm, 120 μs) on lignite. The method of mass spectrometry was used to analyze the formed gaseous reaction products after the exposing of coal samples to the laser radiation. The pressed out of the pre-milled coal particles tablets were used as samples. In the mass spectra of the reaction products of laser radiation of the samples, the peaks with a mass to ion charge ratio m/z = 2, 18, 44 were detected, that corresponds to the main peaks of H2, H2O, and CO2 molecules. The pattern of formation of the end products CO2, H2, H2O when heating a sample of coal by laser radiation is proposed. The energy release factor is calculated, which is defined as the ratio of the calorific value, released during combustion of the sample to the dose of energy absorbed by the sample during irradiation.

References

(1). G.V. Kuznetsov, V.V. Salomatov, S.V. Syrodoy, Combust. Explos. Shock Waves 51 (2015) 409‒415. Crossref

(2). S.K. Ubhayakar, F.A. Williams, J. Electrochem. Soc. 123 (1976) 747. Crossref

(3). D.O. Glushkov, G.V. Kuznetsov, P.A. Strizhak, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 9 (2015) 242‒249. Crossref

(4). D.O. Glushkov, G.V. Kuznetsov, P.A. Strizhak, Solid Fuel Chem. 49 (2015) 73‒79. Crossref

(5). B.P. Aduev. Laser ignition of coal, XΙX International Conference “Khariton’s thematic scientific readings. Extreme states of matter. Detonation. Shock Waves: Book of Abstracts, Sarov, April 17-21, 2017, p. 80 (in Russian).

(6). R.Yu. Kovalev, Y.V. Kraft, D.R. Nurmukhametov, B.P. Aduev, N.V. Nelyubina, Z.R. Ismagilov. Influence of coal particles sizes dust on the laser ignition threshold, IX International Voevodsky Conference “Physics and Chemistry of Elementary Chemical Processes”: book of Abstracts, Novosibirsk, June 25-30, 2017, p. 133

(7). O.P. Korobeinichev, A.A. Paletskii, E.N. Volkov, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 2 (2008) 206‒228. Crossref

(8). T.X. Phuoc, M.P. Mathur, J.M. Ekmann, Combust. Flame 93 (1993) 19‒30. Crossref

(9). J.C. Chen, M. Taniguchi, K. Narato, K. Ito, Combust. Flame 97 (1994) 107‒117. Crossref

(10). D.K. Zhang, Combust. Flame 90 (1992) 134‒142. Crossref

(11). M. Taniguchi, H. Kobayashi, K. Kiyama, Y. Shimogori, Fuel 88 (2009) 1478‒1484. Crossref

(12). D.R. Nurmuhametov, R.Yu. Kovalev, Ja.V. Kraft, B.P. Aduev, G.M. Belokurov, Z.R. Ismagilov. Spectral and kinetic features of glow and gaseous products evolution from coals during irradiation with laser pulses. 9th International seminar on flame structure: Book of Abstracts, Novosibirsk, July 10-14, 2017, p. 72.

(13). Z.R. Ismagilov, Y.V. Kraft, D.R. Nurmukhametov, B.P. Aduev. Study on spectral characteristics of laser ignition of fossil coals. Comparison with ignition of benzene in a model porous matrices, IX International Voevodsky Conference “Physics and Chemistry of Elementary Chemical Processes”: Book of Abstracts, Novosibirsk, June 25-30, 2017, p. 64.

(14). R.Yu. Kovalev, D.R. Nurmuhametov, Y.V. Kraft, A.N. Zaostrovskij, B.P. Aduev, Z.R. Ismagilov. Spectral-kinetic characteristics of laser ignition of coals of different marks, International Russian-Kazakhstan Symposium “Coal Chemistry and Kuzbass Ecology”: Book of Abstracts, Kemerovo, October 16-18, 2017, p. 59.

(15). B.P. Aduev, D.R. Nurmukhametov, R.Y. Kovalev, Y.V. Kraft, A.N. Zaostrovskii, A.V. Gudilin, Z.R. Ismagilov, Opt. Spectrosc. 125 (2018) 293‒299. Crossref

(16). B.P. Aduev, D.R. Nurmukhametov, N.V. Nelyubina, R.Y. Kovalev, A.N. Zaostrovskii, Z.R. Ismagilov, Russ. J. Phys. Chem. B 10 (2016) 963‒965. Crossref

(17). G. Remi, Kurs neorganicheskoj himii [Inorganic chemistry course], Moscow, Foreign literature publ., 1963, 919 p. (in Russian).

(18). E.S. Golovina, B.G. Arabadzhiev, V.M. Kochan Thermal Engineering [Teploehnergetika] 8 (1995) 56‒61 (in Russian).

(19). G.A. Galkin, V.N. Grigorev, Solid Fuel Chemistry [Himiya tverdogo topliva] 5 (1981) 76‒83. (in Russian)

(20). A.G. Korotkikh, K.V. Slyusarskiy, I.V. Sorokin. Studying solid fuel ignition by CO2-laser, MATEC Web of Conferences, 115, 03003, 2017. Crossref

(21). Consumer properties of Russian coals. A book of reference [Marochnyj sostav i potrebitel’skie svojstva rossijskih uglej], Moscow, Rosinformugol publ., 2015, p. 330. (in Russian).

Published
2020-03-26
How to Cite
[1]
Y. Kraft, D. Nurmukhametov, B. Aduev, and Z. Ismagilov, “Investigation of the Laser Radiation Effects on Lignite with the Products Analysis by Mass Spectrometry”, Eurasian Chem. Tech. J., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 3-10, Mar. 2020.
Section
Articles