Micro and Nano Scale Phenomena of Aluminum Agglomeration During Solid Propellant Combustion
Combustion of aluminized solid propellants exhibits phenomena associated with accumulation, agglomeration, ignition, and combustion of micro and nano-size aluminum particles. In general, agglomeration is an undesirable phenomenon, as it turns small particles into relatively large agglomerates, each containing many original particles, resulting in long combustion times which may lead to incomplete reaction, reduced jet momentum, and enhanced slag formation which adds parasite mass and may damage the motor insulation. This article presents a physical mechanism explaining the agglomeration process, revealing that small particles tend to agglomerate more than large particles. In addition, it suggests ways to reduce agglomeration of the aluminum particles via nano-coatings generating reactive heating and promoting ignition.
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