The journal follows international ethical standards (Code of Conduct) developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
The following ethical issues are continuously monitored by the Editorial board:
- data fabrication
- data manipulation
- duplicate submission
- ghost authorship
- conflicts of interest
During submission of a manuscript, a corresponding author must confirm that the manuscript fulfills international ethical standards (PDF*).
If violation of research ethics was discovered, Editorial Board will immediately contact author(s) and request explanations. If the issue can not be resolved, the article will be retracted from the publication.
* Wager E & Kleinert S (2011) Responsible research publication: international standards for authors. A position statement developed at the 2nd World Conference on Research Integrity, Singapore, July 22-24, 2010. Chapter 50 in: Mayer T & Steneck N (eds) Promoting Research Integrity in a Global Environment. Imperial College Press / World Scientific Publishing, Singapore (pp 309-16). (ISBN 978-981-4340-97-7).