The Efficiency of Various Fire Protectants for Wooden Structures

  • I.O. Fedotov Academy of the State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, 4 Boris Galushkin str., Moscow, Russia
  • A.B. Sivenkov Academy of the State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, 4 Boris Galushkin str., Moscow, Russia
  • G.Sh. Khasanova M. Gabdullin Academy of Civil Protection of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 136 Akan-Seri str., Kokshetau, Kazakhstan
Keywords: wooden constructions, fire protection coatings, flame retardants, catalytic dehydration, coke formation, fire resistance, fire protection efficiency

Abstract

The article deals with the scientific problem of the development and application of various fire protective compositions for wooden structures. Based on the results of theoretical and experimental studies, the authors for the first time attempted to state the influence of the chemical nature and mechanism of flame retardant action on the effectiveness of fire protection means. When assessing the effectiveness of fire protection, the authors paid special attention to the key parameters that determine the fire resistance of wooden structures. The possibility of developing effective fire protection systems, capable not only to provide a certain group of fire protection efficiency but also to influence the parameters of the charring process and the intensity of wood heating temperature is shown. Complex mechanisms of bloating (intumescence) and carbonization in combination with the mechanism of regulating the process of carbonization and wood carbonization, are able to provide the protected material with effective resistance to high temperatures (fire). The use of such types of fire protection allows forming an independent scientific direction associated with the development and use of fire protection systems contributing not only to the effective reduction of fire danger of wood and materials based on it but also to increasing the fire resistance of wooden structures.

References

(1). R.M. Aseeva, B.B. Serkov, A.B. Sivenkov. Fire Behavior and Fire Protection in Timber Buildings. Dordrecht: Springer, 2014, 280 р. Crossref

(2). R.M. Aseeva, B.B. Serkov, A.B. Sivenkov, Gorenje wood and its fire-hazardous properties. [Gorenie drevesiny i ee pozharoopasnye svojstva]. Izdatel’stvo Akademii gosu-darstvennoj protivopozharnoj sluzhby MCHS Rossii, Moskva, Russia, 2010, 262 р. (in Russian).

(3). Q. Xu, Y. Wang, L. Chen, R. Gao, X. Li, Adv. Struct. Eng. 19 (2016) 500‒512. Crossref

(4). N.A. Khalturinsky, V.G. Krupkin, Fire and explosion safety [Pozharovzryvobezopasnost’] 20 (2011) 33‒36 (in Russian). Crossref L.N. Mashlyakovsky, A.D. Lykov, V.Y. Repkin, Organic coatings of reduced flammability. L.: Chemistry, 1989, 184 р.

(5). Z.A. Mansurov, B.Ya. Kolesnikov, V.L. Efremov, Eurasian Chem.-Technol. J. 20 (2018) 63‒72. Crossref

(6). GOST P 53292-2009. National Standard of the Russian Federation. Fire protection compositions and substances for wood and wood-based materials General requirements. Test methods.

(7). EN 1995-1-2. Eurocode 5: Design of Timber Structures ‒ Part 1-2. General Rules ‒ Structural Fire Design, 2004.

(8). E.K. Ivanova, Fire resistance of glued wooden props: Dissertation for the degree of Candidateof Technical Sciences. USSR Ministry of HigherEducation. Moscow Order of the Red Banner of Labor Engineering and Construction Institute V.V. Kuibyshev, Moscow, 1952.

(9). V.M. Khrulev, Durability and quality control of glued wood joints in building products and structures: dissertation ... D. in Technical Sciences: Novosibirsk Engineering and Construction Institute. В.V. Kuibyshev, Novosibirsk, 1968, 492 р.

(10). V.S. Kharitonov. Combustibility of glued wooden beams with fire protection [Goryuchest’ kleederevyannyh balok s ognezashchitoj]. Proceedings of the All-Russian Research Institute of Fire Defense of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia. Moscow, Russia, 1979, P. 138‒143 (in Russian).

(11). R. White, E. Nordheim, Fire Technol. 28 (1992) 5‒30. Crossref

(12). N.A. Garashchenko, Studies of the effectiveness of fire protection of wood-glued structures [Issledovaniya effektivnosti ognezashchity derevokleenyh konstrukcij]. Dissertation for the degree of Candidate of Technical Sciences, Moscow, Russia, 2007, P. 157.

(13). V.S. Kulakov, N.N. Krasheninnikova, A.B. Sivenkov, B.B. Serkov, I.A. Demidov, Fire and explosion protection [Pozharovzryvobezopasnost’] 21 (2012) 31‒38 (in Russian). Crossref

(14). A.B. Sivenkov, Reducing the fire hazard of cellulose-based materials [Snizhenie pozharnoj opasnosti materialov na osnove cellyulozy]. Dissertation for the degree of Candidate of Technical Sciences, Moscow, Russia, 2002, P. 197.

(15). O.V. Artsybasheva, E.A. Anokhin, E.Yu. Polishchuk, A.B. Sivenkov, S.B. Sivenkov. Increasing fire resistance of wooden structures by using fire-protective impregnating compounds [Povyshenie ognestojkosti derevyannyh konstrukcij putem primeneniya ognebiozashchitnyh propitochnyh sostavov]. Materials of the VIII International Conference, Almaty, Kazakhstan, 2017, р. 248‒251.

(16). GOST 12.1.033-81. Occupational safety standards system. Fire safety. Terms and definitions [GSI. Mezhgosudarstvennyj standart. Pozharnaya bezopasnost’. Terminy i opredeleniya] Moscow, Russia, 1981 (in Russian).

Published
2022-03-31
How to Cite
[1]
I. Fedotov, A. Sivenkov, and G. Khasanova, “The Efficiency of Various Fire Protectants for Wooden Structures”, Eurasian Chem.-Technol. J., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 33-41, Mar. 2022.
Section
Articles