Improvement of a Preparation Process of Chromite Raw Material Used for Ferroalloys and Pigments Manufacture

  • K. T. Zhantasov M. Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, Taukekhan av., 5, 160012, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
  • Zh. U. Myrhalykov M. Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, Taukekhan av., 5, 160012, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
  • B. B. Turakulov M. Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, Taukekhan av., 5, 160012, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
  • M. K. Zhantasov M. Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, Taukekhan av., 5, 160012, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
  • E. N. Kocherov M. Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, Taukekhan av., 5, 160012, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
  • D. M. Zhantasova M. Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, Taukekhan av., 5, 160012, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
Keywords: chromite ore, fines, internal overburden rocks, dust, slime, calcination, carbon-containing chromite pellets.

Abstract

The given article contains the research results of carbon-containing chromite pellets’ production from off-grade raw material with application of internal coal-mining overburden rocks as flux. Besides, for the purpose of improvement of ecological situation in industrial regions and expansion of a raw-material base for ferrochrome and pigments manufacture we suppose to use in a charge composition the dust of aspiration units and electrostatic precipitators, which is formed at the preparation of raw materials and production of chromite pellets. The production technology of chromite pellets with use of a slime formed at the concentration of chrome ores as a binding substance was developed. Testing the suggested technology has been carried out in laboratory and trial conditions. The data of a chemical composition of initial components of a charge and calcined carbon-containing chromite pellets have shown economic and ecological efficiency of the developed technological process. Research results lead to the conclusion that the proposed granulation feedstock mixture pellets with a moisture content of 11–12% are obtained crude granules have
a compressive strength of 2.3–3.2 kg/splashed. Increasing the content of Cr2O3 in the pellets to 7.6% occurs due to the increase in the extraction of chromium oxide and due to the charge of chromium oxides contained in the sludge, as well as removal of the batch formulation was heat treated carbonates, and volatile organic substances. It was established that during this mode, the temperature in the lower layers is about 1200 °C, and a reduction in natural gas consumption achieves 50% and the residual carbon content in the pellets is about 1.5%, which leads to improvement of technical and economic indices of production chromite pellets and ferrochrome.

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Published
2015-07-20
How to Cite
[1]
K. Zhantasov, Z. Myrhalykov, B. Turakulov, M. Zhantasov, E. Kocherov, and D. Zhantasova, “Improvement of a Preparation Process of Chromite Raw Material Used for Ferroalloys and Pigments Manufacture”, Eurasian Chem. Tech. J., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 251-260, Jul. 2015.
Section
Articles

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