Estimation and Mode Selection of Deuterium Flux Supply into Ampoule Device Through Diffusion Filter in Experiments with Pb15.7Li Eutectic at the IVG1.M Reactor

  • Ye. Tulubayev Branch Institute of Atomic Energy, National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 10 Krasnoarmeyskaya st., Kurchatov, Kazakhstan
  • Yu. Ponkratov Branch Institute of Atomic Energy, National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 10 Krasnoarmeyskaya st., Kurchatov, Kazakhstan
  • M. Skakov Branch Institute of Atomic Energy, National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 10 Krasnoarmeyskaya st., Kurchatov, Kazakhstan
  • Yu. Gordienko Branch Institute of Atomic Energy, National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 10 Krasnoarmeyskaya st., Kurchatov, Kazakhstan
  • Zh. Zaurbekova Branch Institute of Atomic Energy, National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 10 Krasnoarmeyskaya st., Kurchatov, Kazakhstan
Keywords: Pb15.7Li eutectic, deuterium flux, diffusion, solubility, permeability, palladium-silver filter

Abstract

One of the most promising materials to produce tritium in fuel cycle of fusion facilities is the lead-lithium eutectic Pb15.7Li. Tritium will be generated in nuclear reactions in a lithium-containing material under the influence of neutron irradiation. However, nowadays a limited number of studies have been conducted with the eutectic of such a composition (with a lithium content of 15.7%) and consequently, there is a lack of data on mechanisms of tritium generation and release from Pb15.7Li. In this regard, there is an urgent necessity for research of tritium generation and release from Pb15.7 Li directly under neutron irradiation conditions. For these studies a differential method will be used, which consists in follows: a controlled flux of spectrally pure deuterium will be continuously fed into the experimental cell with the eutectic sample during the reactor experiment. The regulated flux of deuterium will be fed to the experimental cell with the Pb15.7Li sample using diffusion palladium-silver filter. The article describes the process of determination of deuterium flux supply modes into the experimental cell. The temperature dependences of deuterium penetration through diffusion palladium-silver filter are presented. The coefficients of diffusion, solubility and permeability of deuterium through a palladium-silver filter are estimated and the activation energies of these processes as well as the Arrhenius dependence are presented.

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Published
2019-02-20
How to Cite
[1]
Y. Tulubayev, Y. Ponkratov, M. Skakov, Y. Gordienko, and Z. Zaurbekova, “Estimation and Mode Selection of Deuterium Flux Supply into Ampoule Device Through Diffusion Filter in Experiments with Pb15.7Li Eutectic at the IVG1.M Reactor”, Eurasian Chem. Tech. J., vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 19-23, Feb. 2019.
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Articles