Factors Influencing the Kinetics of Water Vapour Adsorption on Activated Carbons

  • Y. Boutillara Department of Chemistry, Royal Military Academy, Avenue de la Renaissance 30, Brussels, Belgium; Unité d’Enseignement et de Recherche en Physico-chimie des Matériaux / Ecole Militaire Polytechnique, B.P 17, Bordj El-Bahri, 16046, Algiers, Algeria
  • L. Richelet Department of Chemistry, Royal Military Academy, Avenue de la Renaissance 30, Brussels, Belgium
  • L.F. Velasco Department of Chemistry, Royal Military Academy, Avenue de la Renaissance 30, Brussels, Belgium
  • P. Lodewyckx Department of Chemistry, Royal Military Academy, Avenue de la Renaissance 30, Brussels, Belgium
Keywords: activated carbon, kinetics, water adsorption, LDF model, air flow, relative humidity

Abstract

The performance of porous carbon materials as sorbents is often compromised by the presence of humidity. Studying the kinetics of water vapour adsorption on activated carbons will undeniably help to overcome this issue. This has been approached in this work by evaluating the influence of several operational factors on the dynamic adsorption of water vapour in these materials. Specifically, different carbon types, particle sizes, air flows and ambient conditions (temperature and relative humidity (RH)) were systematically investigated. The impact of each isolated parameter on both the maximum water uptake and the uptake rate was analyzed by fitting the experimental data to the Linear Driving Force (LDF) kinetic model. The results show that except for the particle size, the studied variables play a role in the water sorption kinetics, although to a different extent. It was also confirmed that the LDF model can adequately describe the kinetics of water vapour adsorption independently of the experimental conditions. Finally, the complete water vapour adsorption process can be described by this model, obtaining a different value of the kinetic constant for the sequential stages, involving different adsorption mechanisms.

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Published
2021-11-10
How to Cite
[1]
Y. Boutillara, L. Richelet, L. Velasco, and P. Lodewyckx, “Factors Influencing the Kinetics of Water Vapour Adsorption on Activated Carbons”, Eurasian Chem.-Technol. J., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 191-197, Nov. 2021.
Section
Articles