NMR-Spectroscopy Determination of Fragmentary Composition of Bitumen and its Components
This paper represents and discusses the results of quantitative determination for fragmentary composition of road bitumen of grade BND 100/130 and its components (asphaltenes, resins and oils) by NMR spectroscopy method. Group chemical composition of the bitumen has been determined by adsorption chromatography method. It has been identified that the bitumen and its components consist only of aromatic and aliphatic protons, which account for 2.4‒10.2% and 9.8‒97.6% respectively. Availability of olefinic elements in them has not been identified. The most part (79‒81%) of nuclei of carbon atoms relates to quaternary carbon atoms of saturated compounds. Primary carbon atoms at methylene group (CH2) are contained in the least quantity: bitumen ‒ 1.32%; asphaltenes – 0.6%; resins – 3.24% and oils – 2.11%. Primary carbon atoms, linked with CH-group or aromatic nucleus, occupy an intermediate position and are contained in the quantity of 17‒20%.
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