Combustion of Hydrogen Sulfide-Containing Oil on the Surface of the Water and Possible Applications of Combustion Method at Sea
Oil production in sea conditions is associated with certain difficulties of the field development process due to technological peculiarities of oil production at sea. The Caspian Sea is an enclosed pond with a very sensitive ecosystem, therefore, maritime operations here meet higher requirements than in open ponds. The uniqueness of the Caspian Sea is in the fact that its biological wealth has no analogues in the world, therefore, mining without complying with strict ecological requirements can cause irreparable harm to the environment. This work deals with the analysis of the possibility to use controlled combustion in situ in case of accidents on the Kashagan oil field which is located in the Caspian Sea. The Kashagan oil field is distinguished by a high content of hydrogen sulphide. In order to study the operational possibilities of oil combustion in situ, the process of evaporation and combustion of desulfurized oil from the Kashagan field depending on salinity of water was studied in this work. The process of evaporation of hydrogen sulphide from hydrogen sulphide-containing oil and the peculiarities of its combustion on water surface were studied in this work. It has been stated that the main difference in oil combustion with a high content of hydrogen sulphide is that the oil combustion process leads to the increase of sulfur concentration in oil residue after combustion.
. Z.A. Mansurov, B.T. Lesbaev, N.G. Prikhodko, B.K. Tuleutayev, D.D. Priymak, Yu.V. Kazakov, Zh.A. Kulekeev, G.K. Nurtayeva, A.N. Dzhunusov, N.K. Smailov, B.Z. Mansurov, B.G. Topanov, Combustion of oil layers on the surface of water. Gorenie i plazmohimija [Combustion and plasmachemistry] 10 (1) (2012) 3‒11 (in Russian).
. Z.A. Mansurov, N.G. Prikhodko, B.K. Tuleytaev, D.D. Priimak, Yu.V. Kazakov, Zh.A. Kulekeev, G.K. Nurtaeva, A.N. Dzhunusov, N.K. Smailov, B.Z. Mansurov, B.G. Topanov. Burning Oil Layer on the Surface of Water. Nonequilibrium Processes, Plasma, Combustion, and Atmospheric Phenomena / Ed. By A.M. Starik and S.M. Frolov. ‒ Moscow: TORUS PRESS Ltd., 2012. – P. 330‒336
. Zh.А. Kulekeev, G.K. Nurtaeva, Z.А. Mansurov, B.Т. Lesbaev. Application possibilities of oil combustion method at sea. Neft' i gaz [Oil and Gas] 1 (91) (2016) 70‒81. (in Russian).
. Ian Buist, Tim Nedwed, Using Herders for Rapid In Situ Burning Of Oil Spills on Open Water // International Oil Spill Conference Proceedings: 2011 (1) (2001) abs231. Crossref
. Alan A. Allen, Ronald J. Ferek. Advantages and Disadvantages of Burning Spilled Oil // International Oil Spill Conference Proceedings: 1993 (1) (1993) 765‒772. Crossref
. David D. Evans, George W. Mulholland, Howard R. Baum, William D. Walton, and Kevin B. McGrattan, Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology 106 (1) (2001) 231‒278. Crossref
. S.V. Matsenko, G.G. Volkov, Т.А. Volkova. Likvidacija razlivov nefti i nefteproduktov na more i vnutrennih akvatorijah. Raschet dostatochnosti sil i sredstv: metodicheskie rekomendacii [Liquidation of oil spills and oil products at sea and inland waters. Calculation of forces and facilities sufficiency: methodological recommendations] ‒ Novorossiysk: Admiral Ushakov Maritime State University, 2009. ‒ 78 p. (in Russian).
. R. Jezequel. Assessment of Oil Burning Efficiency- Development of a Burning Bench. International Oil Spill Conference Proceedings: 2014 (1) (2014) 299723. Crossref
. A.S. Kumargaliev. Methods of desulfurization and demercaptanization at oil and gascondensate deposits of the Northern Caspian region // Eurasian integration: the role of science and education in the implementation of innovative programs: mat. Intern. Scientificpractical. Conf. ZKATU. ‒ Ural'sk. ‒ 2012. Part II. ‒ p. 323‒327. (in Russian).
. Zh.А. Kulekeev, G.K. Nurtaeva, А.B. Urazaeva, E.S. Mustaphin, А.M. Pudov, I.М. Pudov. Dispergenty – issledovanie vozmozhnosti primenenija v kazahstanskom sektore Kaspijskogo morja [Dispersants – application investigations in Kazakhstan sector of the Caspian Sea]. ‒ Almaty, 2013, 171 p. (in Russian).
. Zh.А. Kulekeev, G.K. Nurtaeva. Razlivy nefti na more i metody ih likvidacii [Oil spills on waters and methods of their liquidation]. – Almaty, 2015, 301 p. (in Russian).
Copyright (c) 2017 Eurasian Chemico-Technological Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
You are free to: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.