Changing the Structure of Resin-Asphaltenes Molecules in Cracking
In the paper, structural changing of resin-asphaltene molecules in cracking process of oil sand bitumen are investigated. Cracking process to natural bitumen carried out in an open-to-air reactor, which extracted from oil sand by organic solvent. Reaction temperature was 450 °С and process duration was 60 min. The reactor was heated at a rate of 10 °C/min up to the desired temperature. Di-tert-butyl peroxide was used as radical formation additive. When limiting oxygen, it can be used catalyst molecule supplies as the oxidizer. The thermal destruction processes of heavy hydrocarbons with the catalyst make it possible to increase the yield of low boiling liquid products with the formation of coke and gas as by-products. High temperature leads to increase the oil content, and decrease the total resinasphaltene components in bitumen. Monte Carlo method used for construction the molecular structure of resin-asphaltene components. The calculations data determined the most stable conformation of resins and asphaltenes molecules, that the stability of the molecules affect structural characteristics such as the number of structural blocks, their size and spatial arrangement of atoms with respect to each other. Microscopic images showed that the asphaltenes have around 40‒50 nm of particle size, which large monolithic switching, weakly focused on a major surface, provided with amorphous carbon.
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